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J Neurosurg. 2000 Aug;93(2):265-74.

Continuous monitoring of regional cerebral blood flow: experimental and clinical validation of a novel thermal diffusion microprobe.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery and Anesthesiology, Klinikum Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Germany. peter.vajkoczy@nch.ma.uni-heidelberg.de

Abstract

OBJECT:

Current clinical neuromonitoring techniques lack adequate surveillance of cerebral perfusion. In this article, a novel thermal diffusion (TD) microprobe is evaluated for the continuous and quantitative assessment of intraparenchymal regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF).

METHODS:

To characterize the temporal resolution of this new technique, rCBF measured using the TD microprobe (TD-rCBF) was compared with rCBF levels measured by laser Doppler (LD) flowmetry during standardized variations of CBF in a sheep model. For validation of absolute values, the microprobe was implanted subcortically (20 mm below the level of dura) into 16 brain-injured patients, and TD-rCBF was compared with simultaneous rCBF measurements obtained using stable xenon-enhanced computerized tomography scanning (sXe-rCBF). The two techniques were compared using linear regression analysis as well as the Bland and Altman method. Stable TD-rCBF measurements could be obtained throughout all 3- to 5-hour sheep experiments. During hypercapnia, TD-rCBF increased from 49.3+/-15.8 ml/100 g/min (mean +/- standard deviation) to 119.6+/-47.3 ml/100 g/ min, whereas hypocapnia produced a decline in TD-rCBF from 51.2+/-12.8 ml/100 g/min to 39.3+/-5.6 m/100 g/min. Variations in mean arterial blood pressure revealed an intact autoregulation with pressure limits of approximately 65 mm Hg and approximately 170 mm Hg. After cardiac arrest TD-rCBF declined rapidly to 0 ml/100 g/min. The dynamics of changes in TD-rCBF corresponded well to the dynamics of the LD readings. A comparison of TD-rCBF and sXe-rCBF revealed a good correlation (r = 0.89; p < 0.0001) and a mean difference of 1.1+/-5.2 ml/100 g/min between the two techniques.

CONCLUSIONS:

The novel TD microprobe provides a sensitive, continuous, and real-time assessment of intraparenchymal rCBF in absolute flow values that are in good agreement with sXe-rCBF measurements. This study provides the basis for the integration of TD-rCBF into multimodal monitoring of patients who are at risk for secondary brain injury.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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