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Arch Intern Med. 2000 Aug 14-28;160(15):2305-12.

A randomized controlled trial of auricular acupuncture for cocaine dependence.

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  • 1Substance Abuse Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06519, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Partly because of a lack of a conventional, effective treatment for cocaine addiction, auricular acupuncture is used to treat this disorder in numerous drug treatment facilities across the country for both primary cocaine-dependent and opiate-dependent populations.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effectiveness of auricular acupuncture for the treatment of cocaine addiction.

METHODS:

Eighty-two cocaine-dependent, methadone-maintained patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: auricular acupuncture, a needle-insertion control condition, or a no-needle relaxation control. Treatment sessions were provided 5 times weekly for 8 weeks. The primary outcome was cocaine use assessed by 3-times-weekly urine toxicology screens.

RESULTS:

Longitudinal analysis of the urine data for the intent-to-treat sample showed that patients assigned to acupuncture were significantly more likely to provide cocaine-negative urine samples relative to both the relaxation control (odds ratio, 3.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.33-8.72; P =. 01) and the needle-insertion control (odds ratio, 2.40; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-5.75; P =.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings from the current study suggest that acupuncture shows promise for the treatment of cocaine dependence. Further investigation of this treatment modality appears to be warranted.

Comment in

PMID:
10927727
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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