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Arch Fam Med. 2000 Aug;9(8):700-8.

Efficacy of nurse telehealth care and peer support in augmenting treatment of depression in primary care.

Author information

  • 1Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland 94611-5463, USA. emh@dor.kaiser.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Primary care treatment of depression needs improvement.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the efficacy of 2 augmentations to antidepressant drug treatment.

DESIGN:

Randomized trial comparing usual care, telehealth care, and telehealth care plus peer support; assessments were conducted at baseline, 6 weeks, and 6 months.

SETTING:

Two managed care adult primary care clinics.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 302 patients starting antidepressant drug therapy.

INTERVENTIONS:

For telehealth care: emotional support and focused behavioral interventions in ten 6-minute calls during 4 months by primary care nurses; and for peer support: telephone and in-person supportive contacts by trained health plan members recovered from depression.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

For depression: the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory; and for mental and physical functioning: the SF-12 Mental and Physical Composite Scales and treatment satisfaction.

RESULTS:

Nurse-based telehealth patients with or without peer support more often experienced 50% improvement on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale at 6 weeks (50% vs 37%; P =.01) and 6 months (57% vs 38%; P =.003) and on the Beck Depression Inventory at 6 months (48% vs 37%; P =. 05) and greater quantitative reduction in symptom scores on the Hamilton scale at 6 months (10.38 vs 8.12; P =.006). Telehealth care improved mental functioning at 6 weeks (47.07 vs 42.64; P =.004) and treatment satisfaction at 6 weeks (4.41 vs 4.17; P =.004) and 6 months (4.20 vs 3.94; P =.001). Adding peer support to telehealth care did not improve the primary outcomes.

CONCLUSION:

Nurse telehealth care improves clinical outcomes of antidepressant drug treatment and patient satisfaction and fits well within busy primary care settings.

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PMID:
10927707
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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