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Fertil Steril. 2000 Aug;74(2):234-8.

Serum inhibin B levels in males with gonadal dysfunction.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether inhibin B levels are reflective of the etiology of gonadal dysfunction.

DESIGN:

Institutional study.

SETTING:

A tertiary care university-affiliated infertility clinic.

PATIENT(S):

Forty-four men: 16 with primary testicular failure, 10 with partial idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH), 8 with primary germ cell failure, one with iatrogenic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, one with untreated Kallmann's syndrome, and 8 healthy fertile controls.

INTERVENTION(S):

Three individuals (one each with IHH, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism [HH], and Kallmann's syndrome) underwent treatment with human chorionic gonadotropin.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Baseline serum inhibin B, FSH, LH, total testosterone and estradiol levels, and sperm concentrations were measured.

RESULT(S):

Serum inhibin B concentrations were significantly higher in fertile controls (255 +/- 59 pg/mL) than in men presenting with primary testicular failure (75 +/- 46 pg/mL, P<.0001) or in those presenting with primary germ cell failure (73 +/- 31 pg/mL, P<.0001). Inhibin B levels were also lower in males with partial IHH (187 +/- 112 pg/mL, P<.05). The patient with iatrogenic HH had a level of 184 pg/mL, whereas the patient with Kallmann's syndrome had nondetectable levels (<10 pg/mL). Serum inhibin B levels correlated positively with sperm concentration (P=.0001), and negatively with FSH levels (P=.01) and LH levels (P<.05). Human chorionic gonadotropin therapy altered inhibin B levels.

CONCLUSION(S):

Inhibin B plays an important role as an endocrine regulator of FSH secretion, whereas gonadotropins are involved in the regulation of inhibin B secretion.

PMID:
10927037
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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