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Stroke. 2000 Aug;31(8):1897-903.

Dynamic regulation of middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity in aging and hypertension.

Author information

  • 1Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for Aged Research and Training Institute, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School Division on Aging, Boston, MA 02131, USA. Lipsitz@mail.hrca.harvard.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Although aging and hypertension may predispose hypertensive elderly subjects to cerebral hypoperfusion during orthostatic stress, their effects on the acute cerebral autoregulatory response to hypotension are not known.

METHODS:

Continuous middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (BFV) (transcranial Doppler ultrasound) and mean arterial pressure (MAP, Finapres) were measured in response to (1) acute hypotension during standing, (2) steady-state sitting and standing, and (3) hypercarbia during CO(2) rebreathing in 10 healthy young subjects (age 24+/-1 years), 10 healthy elderly subjects (age 72+/-3 years), and 10 previously treated hypertensive elderly (age 72+/-2 years) subjects. CO(2) reactivity was computed as the slope of cerebrovascular conductance (CVC=BFV/MAP) versus end-expiratory CO(2). Coherence, transfer magnitudes, and phases between low-frequency MAP and BFV signals were computed from their autospectra during 5 minutes of sitting and standing.

RESULTS:

MAP fell to a similar extent in all groups by an average of 21 to 26 mm Hg (22% to 26%) within 30 seconds of standing. Mean BFV also fell in all subjects but significantly less in the older subjects (-4.7+/-0. 7 cm/s in hypertensives and -5.3+/-1.2 cm/s in normotensives, P=NS) compared with younger subjects (-10.1+/-1.1 cm/s, P<0.05). CO(2) reactivity was greater in the young subjects (0.19+/-0.01) compared with normotensive (0.14+/-0.01, P<0.05) and hypertensive elderly subjects (0.11+/-0.02, P<0.05) (P=NS between elderly groups). Fewer hypertensive subjects had coherence between MAP and BFV signals; for subjects with coherence, there were no significant group differences in phase or transfer magnitudes in either sitting or standing positions.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite reduced CO(2) reactivity, elderly normotensive and previously treated hypertensive subjects retain cerebral autoregulatory capacity in response to acute orthostatic hypotension.

PMID:
10926954
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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