Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biol Psychiatry. 2000 Aug 1;48(3):184-96.

Levels of mRNAs encoding synaptic vesicle and synaptic plasma membrane proteins in the temporal cortex of elderly schizophrenic patients.

Author information

  • 1Molecular Neurobiology Branch, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, (BPS), Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.



Electron microscopy and biochemical studies indicate that developmental abnormalities in synaptic organization may be present in brains of schizophrenic patients. This study determined whether these synaptic abnormalities are reflected in differential or uniform alterations in the expression of various synaptic protein genes in the left superior temporal gyrus of schizophrenic patients.


Levels of mRNAs encoding four synaptic vesicle proteins (synaptotagmin I [p65], rab3a, synaptobrevin 1, and synaptobrevin 2) and two synaptic plasma membrane proteins (syntaxin 1A and SNAP-25) were measured postmortem in the left superior temporal gyrus from elderly (58-95 years) schizophrenic patients (n = 14) and age-matched control subjects (n = 9).


There were significant negative correlations between age and levels of synaptotagmin I (p65), rab3a, synaptobrevin 1, SNAP-25, and syntaxin 1A mRNAs in schizophrenic patients (-.692 < r < -.517,.003 < p <.030) but not in control subjects. Levels of all six synaptic mRNAs studied were increased in the younger (58-79 years) subgroup of schizophrenic patients compared to control subjects and older (80-95 years) subgroup of schizophrenic patients.


That similar abnormalities were found for mRNAs encoding different synaptic vesicle and synaptic plasma membrane proteins suggests that they reflect overall neurodevelopmental abnormalities in synaptic connectivity in the temporal cortex of schizophrenic patients rather than changes in the number of synaptic vesicles per synapse or abnormalities in a specific synaptic function.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk