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J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc. 2000 Aug;7(3):381-5.

The role of outpatient diagnostic hysteroscopy in identifying anatomic pathology and histopathology in the endometrial cavity.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the role of outpatient diagnostic hysteroscopy.

DESIGN:

Retrospective review (Canadian Task Force classification II-2).

SETTING:

University teaching hospital-based outpatient clinic.

PATIENTS:

One thousand six hundred women, 67.3% premenopausal and 32.7% postmenopausal.

INTERVENTION:

Diagnostic hysteroscopy without premedication or anesthesia; endometrial sampling or hysteroscopy-guided biopsy was performed when appropriate.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Outpatient hysteroscopy was successfully performed in 1468 women (91.8%). Eleven women (0. 7%) developed vasovagal response during the procedure, 18 required hospital admission because of pain or hemorrhage, and 2 were suspected of having uterine perforation. All recovered spontaneously without intervention. Intrauterine anatomic pathology was diagnosed in 17.0%; the overall frequency of myomas and endometrial polyps was 12.3% and 7.1%, respectively. The sensitivity and positive predictive value of hysteroscopy without biopsy in diagnosing endometrial carcinoma were only 58.8% and 20.8%, respectively. Of 1112 women with hysteroscopic impression of normal or atrophic endometrium, 10 (0.9%) had endometrial hyperplasia on biopsy.

CONCLUSION:

Hysteroscopy without biopsy carries low sensitivity and positive predictive value in the diagnosis of endometrial carcinoma and hyperplasia. In our opinion the predictive value of a negative hysteroscopy is inadequate, and endometrial biopsy should be performed during hysteroscopy for accurate diagnosis of endometrial histopathology.

PMID:
10924633
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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