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Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000 Jul;24(7):861-8.

Genomic structure and mutations in adipose-specific gene, adiponectin.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine and Molecular Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adiponectin is a collagen-like plasma protein specifically synthesized in adipose tissue. Plasma adiponectin concentrations are decreased in obesity whereas it is adipose-specific.

OBJECTIVE:

To clarify the significance of the genetic variations in adiponectin gene on its plasma concentrations and obesity.

SUBJECTS:

Two hundred and nineteen unrelated adult Japanese subjects (123 men and 96 women, age: 20-83 y, BMI: 16-43 kg/m2) including 77 obese subjects (BMI>26.4 kg/m2).

MEASUREMENT:

Human adiponectin gene was isolated from PAC DNA pools. Mutations in the adiponectin gene were screened by direct sequencing or restriction-fragment polymorphism. The levels of plasma adiponectin were determined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

RESULTS:

Adiponectin gene spanned 17 kb on chromosome 3q27, consisting of three exons and two introns. Within 2.1 kb of the 5'-flanking region, there were two octamer elements present in the promoter of adipsin. Two nucleotide changes were identified. One was a polymorphism (G/T) occurring in exon 2, and the other was a missense mutation (R112C) in exon 3. The mean plasma adiponectin levels of the subjects carrying G allele were low (G/G: 4.5 microg/ml; G/T: 5.9 microg/ml; and T/T: 6.3 microg/ml), but were not statistically significant. The allelic frequency between the obese and the non-obese showed no significant difference. The subject carrying R112C mutation showed markedly low concentration of plasma adiponectin.

CONCLUSION:

Two nucleotide changes have been identified in the adiponectin gene. G/T polymorphism in exon 2 was associated with neither plasma adiponectin concentrations nor the presence of obesity. A subject carrying missense mutation (R112C) showed markedly low plasma adiponectin concentration.

PMID:
10918532
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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