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Exp Physiol. 2000 Jul;85(4):387-98.

Cyclic AMP-mediated inhibition of noradrenaline-induced contraction and Ca2+ influx in guinea-pig vas deferens.

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  • 1Department of Cell Physiology and Laboratory of Experimental Animals, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Myodaiji, Okazaki 444-8585, Japan. kenkato@college.fdcnet.ac.jp

Abstract

The relaxation effects of forskolin and methylxanthines on noradrenaline (NA)-induced contractions were investigated by measuring isotonic contraction and intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in the epididymal side of guinea-pig vas deferens. NA (100 microM) and high K+ (55 mM) induced a biphasic contraction; fast, transient (phasic) and slow, sustained (tonic) phases. Both phases in either NA or high K+ stimulation were abolished in Ca2+-free solution. Pretreatment with 10 microM nifedipine, an L-type Ca2+ channel blocker, reduced both phasic and tonic contractions induced by high K+. In the case of NA-induced contraction, however, nifedipine reduced the phasic contraction but not the tonic contraction. The nifedipine-insensitive tonic contraction was relaxed by the application of polyvalent cations (Mn2+, Co2+, Cd2+ and La3+). These findings indicate that NA-induced biphasic contraction is mainly due to nifedipine-insensitive Ca2+ influx, especially in the tonic phase. Cyclic AMP-increasing agents such as forskolin (0.5-10 microM), IBMX (5-500 microM) and caffeine (1-20 mM) relaxed the NA-induced contraction extensively in a concentration-dependent manner. However, these agents only partially relaxed the high K+-induced contraction. Forskolin (10 microM) and IBMX (100 microM) reduced the [Ca2+]i response to NA, but had no effect on the [Ca2+]i response to high K+. These results suggest that an increase in intracellular cAMP may relax the NA-induced contraction by attenuating a nifedipine-insensitive Ca2+ influx and by a mechanism independent of a reduction in [Ca2+]i.

PMID:
10918078
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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