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Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2000 Jun;12(6):657-60.

Audit of cyclosporin use in inflammatory bowel disease: limited benefits, numerous side-effects.

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  • 1Dept of Gastroenterology, Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The failure of standard treatments for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has led to the use of immuno-modulatory therapy. Most reports of the use of cyclosporin are from single specialist centres.

AIM:

To survey the use of cyclosporin in IBD in Bristol's three teaching hospitals.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Over a 4-year period, all patients receiving cyclosporin for IBD were identified and the following data recorded: diagnosis, duration of disease, initial treatment, date initiated, dose of cyclosporin, side-effects, initial clinical response, and current patient status.

RESULTS:

Thirty-three patients were identified, of whom 26 had ulcerative colitis (UC), six had Crohn's disease and one had indeterminant colitis. The most frequent indication was as 'rescue' therapy in acute severe UC. The overall initial response rate was 63%, but this was only maintained in 30% long-term patients, with over half of them reporting side-effects. Four patients had life threatening side-effects.

CONCLUSION:

Although the initial response rates are encouraging, the long-term results are poor and at the expense of a high incidence of side-effects. We feel that the use of cyclosporin in IBD should be reconsidered until more information from randomized controlled studies becomes available.

PMID:
10912486
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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