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Enzyme Microb Technol. 2000 Aug 1;27(3-5):330-336.

Characterization and immobilization of the laccase from Pleurotus ostreatus and its use for the continuous elimination of phenolic pollutants.

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  • 1Institute of Microbiology, Technikerstrasse 24, University of Innsbruck, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria


A laccase, the only ligninolytic enzyme produced by the basidiomycete Pleurotus ostreatus strain RK 36 was purified to homogeneity and characterized. The enzyme is a monomeric protein with a molecular weight of 67 000 Da and an isoelectric point of 3.6. Type I and type III Cu(2+) centers were identified by spectrophotometry. With syringaldazine as substrate laccase showed the highest oxidation rates at pH 5.8, 50 degrees C, and in 40 mM phosphate buffer. Among the tested stabilization parameters laccase retained most of its activity in high ionic buffer, pH 10, -20 degrees C, in the presence of 10 mM benzoic acid and with 35% ethylene glycol respectively. Crude laccase was covalently immobilized to Eupergit((R))C. Benzoate was found to stabilize the enzyme during the immobilization process. The activity loss of laccase during 10 days at 25 degrees C storage was 2% on average. Continuous elimination of 2,6-dimethoxyphenol by immobilized laccase was carried out in a packed bed reactor followed by filtration of the formed precipitate. The solubility of the polymerisates of oxidized syringaldazine, o-dianisidine, and 2,6-dimethoxyphenol with respect to temperature, pH-value and organic solvents were examined. The precipitates were found to be insoluble under non-extreme environmental conditions.

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