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Curr Biol. 2000 Jun 29;10(13):785-8.

Interaction of the TNF homologues BLyS and APRIL with the TNF receptor homologues BCMA and TACI.

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  • 1Departments of Molecular Oncology, Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, CA 94080-4918, USA.


BLyS (also called TALL-1, THANK, or BAFF) [1] [2] [3] [4] is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) gene family that stimulates proliferation and immunoglobulin production by B cells. BLyS interacts with the TNF receptor (TNFR) homologue TACI (transmembrane activator and CAML-interactor) [5], and treatment of mice with a TACI-Fc fusion protein abolishes germinal center formation after antigenic challenge [6]. Here we report a novel interaction between BLyS and another TNFR homologue, BCMA (B cell maturation antigen) [7] [8]. Further, the TNF homologue APRIL [9], a close relative of BLyS, also bound to BCMA and TACI. BLyS or APRIL activated nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) through TACI and BCMA, and each ligand stimulated immunoglobulin M (IgM) production by peripheral blood B cells. These results define a dual ligand-receptor system that may play an important role in humoral immunity.

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