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Am J Surg Pathol. 2000 Jul;24(7):996-1003.

Indeterminate fibrohistiocytic lesions of the skin: is there a spectrum between dermatofibroma and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans?

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA.


Routine histology and immunohistochemistry can usually distinguish dermatofibroma (DF) and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP). DF generally expresses factor XIIIa whereas DFSP generally expresses CD34. The authors report 10 cutaneous fibrohistiocytic lesions combining clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical features of both DF and DFSP. The lesions had an average size of 1.2 cm (range, 0.4-2.7 cm), and occurred on the trunk (n = 6), extremities (n = 3), and face (n = 1) of four men and six women (average age, 30.6 yrs; age range, 15-50 yrs). Eight lesions exhibited acanthosis and densely cellular fascicles with focal storiform areas. All had keloidal collagen, infiltrated the subcutis in a honeycomb pattern, and had low mitotic counts (0 to 4 mitoses per square millimeter). All were diffusely immunoreactive for factor XIIIa (30%-60% of the neoplastic cells) as well as CD34 (20%-70%). This series raises the possibility of a biologic spectrum between DF and DFSP; however, double-immunolabeling studies showed no notable coexpression of factor XIIIa and CD34 by individual cells, suggesting coexistence of two different cellular populations. After an average follow up of 22.3 months (range, 10-46 mos) in six cases, a single recurrence was documented. The ambiguous histologic features and the potential for local recurrence suggest that performing a complete excision may be prudent in these diagnostically indeterminate lesions.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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