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J Virol. 2000 Aug;74(15):7032-8.

The virus-specific and allospecific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response to lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus is modified in a subpopulation of CD8(+) T cells coexpressing the inhibitory major histocompatibility complex class I receptor Ly49G2.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA.

Abstract

The role of negatively signaling NK cell receptors of the Ly49 family on the specificity of the acute CD8(+) cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) response was investigated in lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV)-infected C57BL/6 mice. Activated CD8(+) T cells coexpressing Ly49G2 expanded during LCMV infection, and T-cell receptor analyses by flow cytometry and CDR3 spectratyping revealed a unique polyclonal T-cell population in the Ly49G2(+) fraction. These cells lysed syngeneic targets infected with LCMV or coated with two of three LCMV immunodominant peptides examined. Transfection of these sensitive targets with H2D(d), a ligand for Ly49G2, inhibited lysis. This was reversed by antibody to Ly49G2, indicating effective negative signaling. LCMV characteristically induces an anti-H2(d) allospecific T-cell response that includes T-cell clones cross-reactive between allogeneic and LCMV-infected syngeneic targets. The CD8(+) Ly49G2(+) population mediated no allospecific killing, nor was any NK-like killing observed against YAC-1 cells. This study shows that CD8(+) Ly49G2(+) cells participate in the virus-induced CTL response but lyse a more restricted range of targets than the rest of the virus-induced CTL population.

PMID:
10888642
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC112220
Free PMC Article
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