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Pathol Int. 2000 Jun;50(6):458-71.

Comparative immunohistochemical analysis of developing kidneys, nephroblastomas and related tumors: considerations on their histogenesis.

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  • 1Departments of Pathology andSurgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Japan.


Immunoperoxidase analysis was performed to evaluate the phenotypic expression of eight renal differentiation antigens in five nephroblastomas, one clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK), one rhabdoid tumor of the kidney (RTK), and four related tumors. A total of 19 fetal and pediatric kidneys, including two 6th-week mesonephric tissues, were comparatively studied. All the specimens were fixed in formalin and embedded in paraffin. Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM), a marker of the nephrogenic zone of the developing kidney, was consistently expressed in the epithelial and blastematous components of nephroblastomas of the common type. The epithelial components also commonly expressed NK1 and Leu 7 (CD57), and the findings may reflect that both were positive in immature proximal tubules directly differentiating from the NCAM-positive immature fetal tubuloglomerular buds. In two cases, the epithelial component was immunoreactive for CD10 and WT1 gene product (WT1-GP). Leu M1, epithelial membrane antigen and CA15-3 were only focally expressed in nephroblastomas. Rhabdomyoblasts in the stroma were positive for WT1-GP. CCSK was featured by the expression of NCAM and CD10. In RTK, focal epithelial differentiation was discerned, with focal positivity of WT1-GP and negativity of NCAM. In congenital mesoblastic nephroma, the stromal spindle cells were strongly immunoreactive for WT1-GP, while WT1-GP was not expressed in solitary multilocular cyst of the kidney. Pancortical nephroblastomatosis was featured by the diffuse subcapsular reappearance of immature metanephric tissue. Nephroblastomas and related conditions thus offer an adequate model for studying human nephrogenesis.

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