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J Exp Child Psychol. 2000 Aug;76(4):275-301.

Phonological sensitivity and the acquisition of new words in children.

Author information

  • 1Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. pfdejong@educ.uva.nl

Abstract

Two studies are reported which aimed to examine the relationship between phonological sensitivity and the acquisition of new words that systematically differed in the familiarity of their sound structures. In the first study measures of phonological sensitivity, phonological short-term memory, vocabulary, and nonverbal ability were administered to forty-one 5-year-old children. Phonological sensitivity was related to the paired-associate learning of phonologically unfamiliar words, but not to the learning of familiar words. In the second study a group of 14 nonreading 5-year-old children received phonological sensitivity training. A control group was trained in semantic categorization. After the training, the phonological sensitivity group did perform better on measures of letter knowledge and phonological sensitivity (rhyme and first-sound categorization) and appeared to learn phonologically unfamiliar words more easily. The findings of both studies suggest that phonological sensitivity can support the acquisition of novel words.

Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

PMID:
10882476
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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