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Lancet. 2000 Jun 24;355(9222):2237-44.

Advances and research directions in the prevention of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission.

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  • 1Pediatric, Adolescent, and Maternal AIDS Branch, Center for Research for Mothers and Children, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20852, USA. LM65D@nih.gov

Abstract

Although substantial progress has been made in preventing mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission in the past decade, critical research questions remain. Two perinatal epidemics now exist. In more-developed countries, integration of prenatal HIV-1 counselling and testing programmes into an existing antenatal infrastructure, availability of effective antiretroviral prophylaxis, and access to infant formula have resulted in new perinatal infections becoming rare. However, identification of missed prevention opportunities, the causes of prophylaxis failure, and the potential effects of in-utero antiretroviral exposure have become a priority. In less-developed countries, antenatal care is limited, testing programmes are almost non-existent, effective interventions remain unimplemented, and prevention of postnatal transmission through breastmilk while maintaining adequate infant nutrition is a major dilemma. The challenge for the next decade is to simultaneously address questions relevant to both epidemics while bridging the gap in prevention of perinatal transmission between more-developed and less-developed countries.

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PMID:
10881908
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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