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Syst Appl Microbiol. 2000 Apr;23(1):31-40.

Salt adaptation in pseudomonads: characterization of glucosylglycerol-synthesizing isolates from brackish coastal waters and the rhizosphere.

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  • 1Universit├Ąt Rostock, FB Biologie, Germany.


The compatible solute glucosylglycerol (GG) is widespread among cyanobacteria, but, until now, has been reported for only two species of heterotrophic bacteria. About 120 bacterial isolates from coastal regions of the Baltic Sea were screened by HPLC for their ability to synthesize GG. Positive isolates (26) were grouped by SDS-PAGE of whole-cell proteins and representative strains of each group were investigated by sequencing their 16S rRNA genes and phenotypic characterization. All GG-synthesizing isolates were shown to belong to the genus Pseudomonas (sensu stricto) and were assigned to 4 distinct groups, although none of the GG-synthesizing isolates could be unambiguously assigned to described species. The identity of GG was verified by 13C NMR analysis and enzymatic digestion with alpha- and beta-glucosidases. Besides GG, salt adapted cultures of the aquatic isolates accumulated the dipeptide N-acetylglutaminylglutamine amide (NAGGN) and glutamate. The accumulation of noncharged compatible solutes was also tested in previously identified pseudomonads isolated from the rhizosphere of oilseed rape and potato. The majority of these strains were fluorescent species of the genus Pseudomonas and accumulated trehalose and NAGGN when grown under salt stress conditions. However, rhizosphere isolates of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia synthesized GG and trehalose or only trehalose in a strain-dependent manner. These data indicate that the ability to synthesize GG is widely distributed among slightly or moderately halotolerant pseudomonads.

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