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Clin Cancer Res. 2000 Jun;6(6):2562-72.

The relevance of cell proliferation, vascular endothelial growth factor, and basic fibroblast growth factor production to angiogenesis and tumorigenicity in human glioma cell lines.

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  • 1Department of Neuro-Oncology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.


Tumor growth is partially dependent on angiogenesis, a process that relies on angiogenic factors. Tumorigenicity of cancer cells is thought to be associated with the production of various angiogenic factors that stimulate or inhibit the rate of endothelial cell migration and proliferation. However, the relative importance of specific individual factors originally studied in cancer cell lines has yet to be determined in vivo. In this study, we examined seven human glioma cell lines for dynamic changes of two major angiogenic factors, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and for doubling time and tumorigenicity in nude mice. Various correlation studies demonstrated that in these glioma cell lines, VEGF expression correlated well with RBC density in tumor sections (r2 = 0.804) and with average tumor weight (r2 = 0.987). In contrast, bFGF expression in the observed glioma cell lines did not correlate with tumorigenicity (r2 = 0.001) or with VEGF expression (r2 = 0.255). Furthermore, there was no correlation between doubling time and tumorigenicity in these cell lines (r2 = 0.160). Taken together, these results suggest that VEGF plays a major role in glioma formation and that down-regulation of VEGF, rather than bFGF, would be a more effective choice for glioma gene therapy.

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