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Neurosci Lett. 2000 Jul 7;288(1):76-80.

Dual effects of dextromethorphan on cocaine-induced conditioned place preference in mice.

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  • 1Section of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Korea Institute of Drug Abuse, Kangwon National University, Chunchon, South Korea.


Dextromethorphan (DM) at supra-antitussive doses might produce psychotomimetic effects in humans. In order to understand the underlying mechanisms responsible for the behavior induced by DM, we examined the effects of DM on cocaine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) and locomotor pattern in mice, and Fos-related antigen immunoreactivity (FRA-IR) in the striatal complex (nucleus accumbens and striatum) of the mouse brain. The effects of DM (20 and 40 mg/kg, i.p.) on the CPP for 2.5, 5, 10, and 20 mg cocaine/kg, i.p. were assessed. Pretreatment with DM dose-dependently decreased the CPP for 20 mg cocaine/kg. Similarly, pretreatment with DM appeared to reduce the CPP for 10 mg cocaine/kg, but increase the CPP for 5 mg cocaine/kg. This finding was more pronounced for 2.5 mg cocaine/kg; DM significantly increased the CPP for 2.5 mg cocaine/kg in a dose-related manner. Furthermore, these results were correlated with alterations in the locomotor pattern (marginal activity) and FRA-IR in the striatal complex. Thus, our results suggest that DM exhibits a biphasic effect on the cocaine-induced CPP and locomotor pattern.

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