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J Biol Chem. 2000 Sep 15;275(37):29138-46.

Regulation of vesicle trafficking in madin-darby canine kidney cells by Rab11a and Rab25.

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  • 1Institute for Molecular Medicine and Genetics, Departments of Medicine, Surgery and Cellular Biology and Anatomy, Medical College of Georgia and the Augusta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Augusta, Georgia 30912, USA.


Polarized epithelial cells maintain the polarized distribution of basolateral and apical membrane proteins through a process of receptor-mediated endocytosis, sorting, and then recycling to the appropriate membrane domain. We have previously shown that the small GTP-binding proteins, Rab11a and Rab25, are associated with the apical recycling system of Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. Here we have utilized inducible expression of wild-type, dominant negative, and constitutively active mutants to directly compare the functions of Rab25 and Rab11a in postendocytic vesicular transport. We found that a Rab11a mutant deficient in GTP binding, Rab11aS25N, potently inhibited both transcytosis and apical recycling yet failed to inhibit transferrin recycling. Similarly, expression of either wild type Rab25 or the active mutant Rab25S21V inhibited both apical recycling and transcytosis of IgA by greater than 50% but had no effect on basolateral recycling of transferrin. Interestingly, the GTPase-deficient mutant Rab11aS20V inhibited basolateral to apical transcytosis of IgA, but had no effect on either apical or basolateral recycling. These results indicate that neither Rab11a nor Rab25 function in the basolateral recycling of transferrin in polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney cells cells, consistent with recent morphological observations by others. Thus, transferrin receptors must be recycled to the plasma membrane prior to sorting of apically directed cargoes into Rab11a/Rab25-positive apical recycling endosomes.

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