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Pharmacogenetics. 2000 Jun;10(4):335-41.

The relationship between dopamine D2 receptor polymorphism at the Taq1 A locus and therapeutic response to nemonapride, a selective dopamine antagonist, in schizophrenic patients.

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  • 1Department of Neuropsychiatry, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that subjects with one or two A1 alleles of dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) polymorphism at the Taq1 A locus have lower DRD2 density than those with no A1 allele. The present study aimed to examine whether the Taq1 A DRD2 genotypes are related to therapeutic response to nemonapride, a selective dopamine antagonist, in schizophrenic patients. The subjects were 25 acutely exacerbated schizophrenic inpatients who had received no medication for at least 1 month before the study. The fixed dose (18 mg/day) of nemonapride was administered to each patient for 3 weeks. The clinical status was prospectively monitored by the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) before, and 3 weeks after, the treatment. The Taq1 A genotypes (A1 and A2 alleles) were determined by the polymerase chain reaction method. Three patients were homozygous for the A1 allele, 11 were heterozygous for the A1 and A2 alleles, and 11 were homozygous for the A2 allele. The patients with one or two A1 alleles (n = 14) showed significantly higher percentage improvement in total BPRS and positive symptoms than those with no A1 allele (n = 11) after 3-week treatment while the percentage improvement in other subgrouped symptoms (negative, anxiety-depression, excitement and cognitive symptoms) was similar between the two genotype groups. The present results suggest that the Taq1 A DRD2 polymorphism is related to early therapeutic response to nemonapride in schizophrenic patients, possibly by modifying the efficiency of DRD2 antagonism of the drug in the central nervous system.

PMID:
10862524
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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