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J Mass Spectrom. 2000 Jun;35(6):718-24.

Simultaneous determination of risperidone and 9-hydroxyrisperidone in plasma by liquid chromatography/electrospray tandem mass spectrometry.

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  • 1Psychopharmacology Unit, University of California at Los Angeles, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, 11301 Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA. kannan@ucla.edu

Abstract

A simple and highly sensitive liquid chromatographic/electrospray tandem mass spectrometric (LC/MS/MS) assay was developed for the simultaneous determination of risperidone (RSP) and its major circulating metabolite 9-hydroxyrisperidone (9-OH-RSP) in the plasma of humans and rats. A simple one-step solvent extraction with 15% methylene chloride in pentane was used to isolate the compounds from plasma. The compounds were eluted from a phenyl-hexyl column and detected with a Perkin-Elmer SCIEX API2000 triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer using positive ion atmospheric pressure electrospray ionization and multiple reaction monitoring. The assay was linear over the range 0.1-100 ng ml(-1) when 0.5 ml of plasma was used in the extraction. The overall intra- (within-day) and inter- (between days) assay variations were < 11%. The variations in the concentrations of two long-term quality control samples from pooled patient plasma samples analyzed over a period of 6 months were approximately 10%. The analysis time for each sample was 4 min and more than 100 samples could be analyzed in one day by running the system overnight. The assay is simple, highly sensitive, selective, precise and fast. This method is being used for the therapeutic drug monitoring of schizophrenic patients treated with RSP and to study the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of RSP and 9-OH-RSP in rats.

Copyright 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID:
10862124
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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