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J Immunol. 2000 Jul 1;165(1):528-32.

Functional reconstitution of class II MHC-restricted T cell immunity mediated by retroviral transfer of the alpha beta TCR complex.

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  • 1Department of Hematopoietic Factors, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Japan.


Transfer of the alphabeta TCR genes into T lymphocytes will provide a means to enhance Ag-specific immunity by increasing the frequency of tumor- or pathogen-specific T lymphocytes. We generated an efficient alphabeta TCR gene transfer system using two independent monocistronic retrovirus vectors harboring either of the class II MHC-restricted alpha or beta TCR genes specific for chicken OVA. The system enabled us to express the clonotypic TCR in 44% of the CD4+ T cells. The transduced cells showed a remarkable response to OVA323-339 peptide in the in vitro culture system, and the response to the Ag was comparable with those of the T lymphocytes derived from transgenic mice harboring OVA-specific TCR. Adoptive transfer of the TCR-transduced cells in mice induced the Ag-specific delayed-type hypersensitivity in response to OVA323-339 challenge. These results indicate that alphabeta TCR gene transfer into peripheral T lymphocytes can reconstitute Ag-specific immunity. We here propose that this method provides a basis for a new approach to manipulation of immune reactions and immunotherapy.

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