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J Immunol. 2000 Jul 1;165(1):426-34.

Divergent effects of platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 and beta 3 integrin blockade on leukocyte transmigration in vivo.

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  • 1BHF Cardiovascular Medicine Unit, Imperial College School of Medicine at the National Heart and Lung Institute, Hammersmith Hospital, UK.


The final stage in the migration of leukocytes to sites of inflammation involves movement of leukocytes through the endothelial cell layer and the perivascular basement membrane. Both platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1/CD31) and the integrin alphavbeta3 have been implicated in this process, and in vitro studies have identified alphavbeta3 as a heterotypic ligand for PECAM-1. In the present study we have addressed the roles of these molecules by investigating and comparing the effects of PECAM-1 and alphavbeta3 blockade on leukocyte migration in vivo. For this purpose we have examined the effects of neutralizing Abs directed against PECAM-1 (domain 1-specific, mAb 37) and beta3 integrins (mAbs 7E3 and F11) on leukocyte responses in the mesenteric microcirculation of anesthetized rats using intravital microscopy. The anti-PECAM-1 mAb suppressed leukocyte extravasation, but not leukocyte rolling or firm adhesion, elicited by IL-1beta in a dose-dependent manner (e.g., 67% inhibition at 10 mg/kg 37 Fab), but had no effect on FMLP-induced leukocyte responses. Analysis by electron microscopy suggested that this suppression was due to an inhibition of neutrophil migration through the endothelial cell barrier. By contrast, both anti-beta3 integrin mAbs, 7E3 F(ab')2 (5 mg/kg) and F11 F(ab')2 (5 mg/kg), selectively reduced leukocyte extravasation induced by FMLP (38 and 46%, respectively), but neither mAb had an effect on IL-1beta-induced leukocyte responses. These findings indicate roles for both PECAM-1 and beta3 integrins in leukocyte extravasation, but do not support the concept that these molecules act as counter-receptors in mediating leukocyte transmigration.

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