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EMBO J. 2000 Jun 15;19(12):2834-44.

Increased protein kinase or decreased PP2A activity bypasses sphingoid base requirement in endocytosis.

Author information

  • 1Biozentrum of the University of Basel, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland.

Abstract

Lipids have been implicated in signal transduction and in several stages of membrane trafficking, but these two functions have not been functionally linked. In yeast, sphingoid base synthesis is required for the internalization step of endocytosis and organization of the actin cytoskeleton. We show that inactivation of a protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) or overexpression of one of two kinases, Yck2p or Pkc1p, can specifically suppress the sphingoid base synthesis requirement for endocytosis. The two kinases have an overlapping function because only a mutant with impaired function of both kinases is defective in endocytosis. An ultimate target of sphingoid base synthesis may be the actin cytoskeleton, because overexpression of the kinases and inactivation of PP2A substantially corrected the actin defect due to the absence of sphingoid base. These results suggest that sphingoid base controls protein phosphorylation, perhaps by activating a signal transduction pathway that is required for endocytosis and proper actin cytoskeleton organization in yeast.

PMID:
10856229
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC203374
Free PMC Article

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