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Transplantation. 2000 May 27;69(10):2116-21.

Improved fibrinolytic capacity after withdrawal of steroid immunosuppression in renal transplant recipients.

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  • 1Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Second Chair of Internal Medicine, University of Padua Medical School, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Long-term steroid immunosuppression has been associated with the prothrombotic state observed in renal transplant (RT) patients, in whom both hypercoagulability due to an increase of von Willebrand factor/factor VIII complex, and impaired fibrinolysis due to PAI-1 excess have been demonstrated. Our aim was to investigate the effect of steroid withdrawal on fibrinolytic capacity in a group of RT patients.

METHODS:

The fibrinolytic study was performed in 28 RT patients under stable immunosuppression therapy with cyclosporine, azathioprine, and methylprednisolone; only 12 of these patients could repeat the study 6 months after steroid withdrawal. Euglobulin lysis time (ELT), tissue plasminogen activator activity (t-PA:act) and antigen (t-PA:Ag), PAI-1 activity (PAI-1:act), and antigen (PAI-1:Ag) were assayed on blood samples drawn before and 20 min after the venous occlusion test (VO).

RESULTS:

An hypofibrinolytic state due to a significant increase in PAI-1 levels was confirmed in RT patients receiving triple immunosuppression therapy. RT patient who stayed off steroids showed a significant shortening of ELT both before (P=0.01) and 20' after VO (P=0.005) at the 6-month control. Moreover, after steroid withdrawal, PAI-1:Ag levels decreased significantly (P=0.002) and normalized; in a similar manner PAI-1:act levels also showed a significant decrease both before (P=0.001), and after VO (P=0.0001). The prevalence of RT patients with impaired fibrinolytic capacity was as high as 83.3% during steroid treatment, and dropped to 16.7% after steroid withdrawal.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our findings confirm that steroid withdrawal may normalize impaired fibrinolytic capacity in RT patients; this improvement may further contribute to reduce the thrombotic risk associated with renal transplantation.

PMID:
10852608
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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