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Oncogene. 2000 May 25;19(23):2731-8.

Cell cycle regulation of the endogenous wild type Bloom's syndrome DNA helicase.

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  • 1Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Mixte de Recherche 1598, Institut Gustave Roussy, 39 Rue Camille Desmoulins, 94 805 Villejuif Cedex, France.


Bloom's syndrome (BS) is a rare human autosomal recessive disorder characterized by an increased risk to develop cancer of all types. BS cells are characterized by a generalized genetic instability including a high level of sister chromatid exchanges. BS arises through mutations in both alleles of the BLM gene which encodes a 3' - 5' DNA helicase identified as a member of the RecQ family. We developed polyclonal antibodies specific for the NH2- and COOH-terminal region of BLM. Using these antibodies, we analysed BLM expression during the cell cycle and showed that the BLM protein accumulates to high levels in S phase, persists in G2/M and sharply declines in G1, strongly suggestive of degradation during mitosis. The BLM protein is subject to post-translational modifications in mitosis, as revealed by slow migrating forms of BLM found in both demecolcine-treated cells and in mitotic cells isolated from non-treated asynchronous populations. Phosphatase treatment indicated that phosphorylation events were solely responsible for the appearance of the retarded moieties, a possible signal for subsequent degradation. Together, these results are consistent with a role of BLM in a replicative (S phase) and/or post-replicative (G2 phase) process. Oncogene (2000).

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