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Oncogene. 2000 May 18;19(22):2695-703.

Exogenous cdk4 overcomes reduced cdk4 RNA and inhibition of G1 progression in hematopoietic cells expressing a dominant-negative CBF - a model for overcoming inhibition of proliferation by CBF oncoproteins.

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  • 1The Johns Hopkins Oncology Center, Division of Pediatric Oncology, Baltimore, Maryland, MD 21231, USA.


Core Binding Factor (CBF) is required for the development of definitive hematopoiesis, and the CBF oncoproteins AML1-ETO, TEL-AML1, and CBFbeta-SMMHC are commonly expressed in subsets of acute leukemia. CBFbeta-SMMHC slows the G1 to S cell cycle transition in hematopoietic cells, but the mechanism of this effect is uncertain. We have sought to determine whether inhibition of CBF-mediated trans-activation is sufficient to slow proliferation. We demonstrate that activation of KRAB-AML1-ER, a protein containing the AML1 DNA-binding domain, the KRAB repression domain, and the Estrogen receptor ligand binding domain, also slows G1, if its DNA-binding domain is intact. Also, exogenous AML1 overcame CBFbeta-SMMHC-induced inhibition of proliferation. Representational difference analysis (RDA) identified cdk4 RNA expression as an early target of KRAB-AML1 activation. Inhibition of CBF activities by KRAB-AML1-ER or CBFbeta-SMMHC rapidly reduced endogenous cdk4 mRNA levels, even in cells proliferating at or near control rates as a result of exogenous cdk4 expression. Over-expression of cdk4, especially a variant which cannot bind p16INK4a, overcame cell cycle inhibition resulting from activation of KRAB-AML1-ER, although cdk4 did not accelerate proliferation when expressed alone. These findings indicate that mutations which alter the expression of G1 regulatory proteins can overcome inhibition of proliferation by CBF oncoproteins. Oncogene (2000).

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