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J Virol. 2000 Jul;74(13):6203-6.

Influenza virus NS1 protein counteracts PKR-mediated inhibition of replication.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Vienna Medical School, Austria.

Abstract

The availability of an influenza virus NS1 gene knockout virus (delNS1 virus) allowed us to establish the significance of the biological relationship between the influenza virus NS1 protein and double-stranded-RNA-activated protein kinase (PKR) in the life cycle and pathogenicity of influenza virus. Our results show that the lack of functional PKR permits the delNS1 virus to replicate in otherwise nonpermissive hosts, suggesting that the major function of the influenza virus NS1 protein is to counteract or prevent the PKR-mediated antiviral response.

PMID:
10846107
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC112122
Free PMC Article
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