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Blood. 2000 Jun 15;95(12):3725-33.

"Emergency" granulopoiesis in G-CSF-deficient mice in response to Candida albicans infection.

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  • 1Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Melbourne Tumor Biology Branch, PO Royal Melbourne Hospital, Victoria 3050, Australia.


Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a glycoprotein believed to play an important role in regulating granulopoiesis both at steady state and during an "emergency" situation. Generation of G-CSF and G-CSF receptor-deficient mice by gene targeting has demonstrated unequivocally the importance of G-CSF in the regulation of baseline granulopoiesis. This study attempted to define the physiologic role of G-CSF during an emergency situation by challenging a cohort of wild-type and G-CSF-deficient mice with Candida albicans. Interestingly, after infection, G-CSF-deficient mice developed an absolute neutrophilia that was observed both in blood and bone marrow. In addition, 3 days after Candida infection increased numbers of granulocyte-macrophage (GM) and macrophage (M) progenitors were observed in the bone marrow of G-CSF-deficient mice. Of the cytokines surveyed, interleukin (IL)-6 levels in serum were elevated; interestingly, levels of IL-6 were higher and more sustained in G-CSF-deficient mice infected with C albicans than similarly infected wild-type mice. Despite the higher levels of serum IL-6, this cytokine is dispensable for the observed neutrophilia because candida-infected IL-6-deficient mice, or mice simultaneously deficient in G-CSF and IL-6, developed neutrophilia. Similarly, mice lacking both G-CSF and GM-CSF developed absolute neutrophilia and had elevated numbers of GM and M progenitors in the bone marrow; thus, G-CSF and GM-CSF are dispensable for promoting the emergency response to candidal infection. (Blood. 2000;95:3725-3733)

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