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Cytokine. 2000 Jun;12(6):636-43.

Expression of IL-8 gene in human monocytes and lymphocytes: differential regulation by TNF and IL-1.

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  • 1Foundation for Fundamental Researches of Republic of Belarus, Minsk, Belarus.


TNF-alpha and IL-1 were reported to be the most powerful inducers of IL-8 in a multitude of cells, including leukocytes. In this study, we investigated TNF-alpha- and IL-1-mediated regulation of IL-8 gene expression in non-fractionated PBMC, and purified monocyte (MO) and lymphocyte (LY) fractions. Our analysis revealed that purified human MO did not respond to exogenous TNF-alpha with the induction of IL-8 mRNA or protein, nor require endogenous TNF-alpha for IL-8 expression. In contrast, in the presence of exogenous IL-1alpha and IL-1beta a substantial enhancement of IL-8 mRNA and protein expression in MO was observed. Nevertheless, antibodies to IL-1alpha and IL-1beta were unable to downregulate the expression of IL-8 in resting adherent or Staphylococcus aureus Cowan 1 (SAC)-stimulated MO. In contrast with MO, purified LY and non-fractionated PBMC expressed IL-8 in response to exogenous TNF-alpha, similar to exogenous IL-1alpha and IL-1beta. As was seen with MO, antibodies to TNF-alpha, IL-1alpha and IL-1beta did not inhibit the expression of IL-8 in purified LY and non-fractionated PBMC stimulated with SAC and LPS. Taken together, our data demonstrate major differences in responsiveness of MO and LY to exogenous TNF-alpha and IL-1, and suggest relative autonomy of IL-8 gene expression in these cells that does not require accessory cytokines but can be induced directly by exogenous stimuli.

Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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