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J Immunol. 2000 Jun 15;164(12):6100-4.

Cutting edge: soluble HLA-G1 triggers CD95/CD95 ligand-mediated apoptosis in activated CD8+ cells by interacting with CD8.

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  • 1Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) U395, Hôpital de Purpan, Toulouse, France.


The nonpolymorphic soluble HLA-G1 (sHLA-G1) isoform has been reported to be secreted by trophoblast cells at the materno-fetal interface, suggesting that it may act as immunomodulator during pregnancy. In this paper, we report that affinity-purified beta2-microglobulin-associated sHLA-G1 triggered apoptosis in activated, but not resting CD8+ peripheral blood cells. We demonstrate by Western blotting that sHLA-G1 enhanced CD95 ligand expression in activated CD8+ cells. Cytotoxicity was inhibited by preincubation of the cells with a CD95 antagonist mAb (ZB4) or a soluble recombinant CD95-Fc, indicating that apoptosis is mediated through the CD95/CD95 ligand pathway. Finally, we show that such sHLA-G1-induced apoptosis depends on the interaction with CD8 molecules, with cell death being blocked by various CD8 mAbs.

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