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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 May;85(5):2028-33.

Expression of pendrin and the Pendred syndrome (PDS) gene in human thyroid tissues.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Biology, Institut Gustave-Roussy, Villejuif, France.


The gene recently cloned that is responsible for the Pendred syndrome (PDS), an autosomal recessive disease characterized by goiter and congenital sensorineural deafness, is mainly expressed in the thyroid gland. Its product, designated pendrin, was shown to transport chloride and iodide. To investigate whether the PDS gene is altered during thyroid tumorigenesis, PDS gene expression and pendrin expression were studied using real-time kinetic quantitative PCR and antipeptide antibodies, respectively, in normal, benign, and malignant human thyroid tissues. The results were then compared to those observed for sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) expression. In normal tissue, pendrin is localized at the apical pole of thyrocytes, and this in contrast to the basolateral location of NIS. Immunostaining for pendrin was heterogeneous both inside and among follicles. In hyperfunctioning adenomas, the PDS messenger ribonucleic acid level was in the normal range, although immunohistochemical analysis showed strong staining in the majority of follicular cells. In hypofunctioning adenomas, mean PDS gene expression was similar to that detected in normal thyroid tissues, but pendrin immunostaining was highly variable. In thyroid carcinomas, PDS gene expression was dramatically decreased, and pendrin immunostaining was low and was positive only in rare tumor cells. This expression profile was similar to that observed for the NIS gene and its protein product. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that pendrin is located at the apical membrane of thyrocytes and that PDS gene expression is decreased in thyroid carcinomas.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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