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Matrix Biol. 2000 May;19(2):121-8.

Exon skipping mutation in the COL9A2 gene in a family with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, and Harvard-Forsyth Department of Oral Biology, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Previous linkage analysis (Briggs, M.D., Choi, H.-C., Warman, M.L. et al., 1994. Genetic mapping of a locus for multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (EDM 2) to a region of chromosome 1 containing a type IX collagen gene. Am. J. Hum. Genet. 55, 678-684) in a large English family with multiple epiphyseal dysplasia established the EDM2 locus, a region of chromosome 1 containing the COL9A2 collagen gene. We now report that affected members of this family are heterozygous for a single base transversion (T-->G) at the sixth position of the intron 3 splice donor of COL9A2. The mutation leads to skipping of exon 3 during splicing, and results in a 36-nucleotide deletion in COL9A2 transcripts derived from the mutant allele. Skipping of exon 3 predicts an in-frame deletion of 12 amino acid residues within the COL3 domain of the alpha2(IX) chain. This is the fifth instance of an exon 3 deletion within the COL3 region of collagen IX heterotrimers causing the MED phenotype, as yet the only type IX collagen defect identified in this disorder. Electron microscopy (EM) of chondrocytes obtained from articular cartilage of one affected individual in the family demonstrated normal appearing rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER). In addition, the articular cartilage matrix did not show any gross abnormalities in the quantity or caliber of collagen fibrils.

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