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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Jun 6;97(12):6451-6.

Biosynthesis of terpenoids: 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-D-erythritol synthase of Arabidopsis thaliana.

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  • 1Lehrstuhl für Organische Chemie und Biochemie, Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstrasse 4, D-85747 Garching, Germany.


A hypothetical gene with similarity to the ispD gene of Escherichia coli was cloned from Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA. The ORF of 909 bp specifies a protein of 302 amino acid residues. The cognate chromosomal gene consists of 2,071 bp and comprises 11 introns with a size range of 78-202 bp. A fragment comprising amino acid residues 76-302 was expressed in a recombinant E. coli strain. The protein was purified to homogeneity and was shown to catalyze the formation of 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-d-erythritol from 2C-methyl-d-erythritol 4-phosphate with a specific activity of 67 micromol small middle dotmin(-1) mg(-1). The Michaelis constants for 4-diphosphocytidyl-2C-methyl-d-erythritol and CTP were 500 microM and 114 microM, respectively.

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