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J Biol Chem. 2000 Aug 11;275(32):24886-92.

Functional analysis of tail domains of Acanthamoeba myosin IC by characterization of truncation and deletion mutants.

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  • 1Laboratory of Cell Biology, NHLBI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


Acanthamoeba myosin IC has a single 129-kDa heavy chain and a single 17-kDa light chain. The heavy chain comprises a 75-kDa catalytic head domain with an ATP-sensitive F-actin-binding site, a 3-kDa neck domain, which binds a single 17-kDa light chain, and a 50-kDa tail domain, which binds F-actin in the presence or absence of ATP. The actin-activated MgATPase activity of myosin IC exhibits triphasic actin dependence, apparently as a consequence of the two actin-binding sites, and is regulated by phosphorylation of Ser-329 in the head. The 50-kDa tail consists of a basic domain, a glycine/proline/alanine-rich (GPA) domain, and a Src homology 3 (SH3) domain, often referred to as tail homology (TH)-1, -2, and -3 domains, respectively. The SH3 domain divides the TH-3 domain into GPA-1 and GPA-2. To define the functions of the tail domains more precisely, we determined the properties of expressed wild type and six mutant myosins, an SH3 deletion mutant and five mutants truncated at the C terminus of the SH3, GPA-2, TH-1, neck and head domains, respectively. We found that both the TH-1 and GPA-2 domains bind F-actin in the presence of ATP. Only the mutants that retained an actin-binding site in the tail exhibited triphasic actin-dependent MgATPase activity, in agreement with the F-actin-cross-linking model, but truncation reduced the MgATPase activity at both low and high actin concentrations. Deletion of the SH3 domain had no effect. Also, none of the tail domains, including the SH3 domain, affected either the K(m) or V(max) for the phosphorylation of Ser-329 by myosin I heavy chain kinase.

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