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J Biol Chem. 2000 Jun 9;275(23):17517-26.

Receptor-mediated regulation of the nonselective cation channels TRPC4 and TRPC5.

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  • 1Institut für Pharmakologie, Freie Universität Berlin, Thielallee 69-73, 14195 Berlin, Germany.


Mammalian transient receptor potential channels (TRPCs) form a family of Ca(2+)-permeable cation channels currently consisting of seven members, TRPC1-TRPC7. These channels have been proposed to be molecular correlates for capacitative Ca(2+) entry channels. There are only a few studies on the regulation and properties of the subfamily consisting of TRPC4 and TRPC5, and there are contradictory reports concerning the possible role of intracellular Ca(2+) store depletion in channel activation. We therefore investigated the regulatory and biophysical properties of murine TRPC4 and TRPC5 (mTRPC4/5) heterologously expressed in human embryonic kidney cells. Activation of G(q/11)-coupled receptors or receptor tyrosine kinases induced Mn(2+) entry in fura-2-loaded mTRPC4/5-expressing cells. Accordingly, in whole-cell recordings, stimulation of G(q/11)-coupled receptors evoked large, nonselective cation currents, an effect mimicked by infusion of guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate (GTPgammaS). However, depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores failed to activate mTRPC4/5. In inside-out patches, single channels with conductances of 42 and 66 picosiemens at -60 mV for mTRPC4 and mTRPC5, respectively, were stimulated by GTPgammaS in a membrane-confined manner. Thus, mTRPC4 and mTRPC5 form nonselective cation channels that integrate signaling pathways from G-protein-coupled receptors and receptor tyrosine kinases independently of store depletion. Furthermore, the biophysical properties of mTRPC4/5 are inconsistent with those of I(CRAC), the most extensively characterized store-operated current.

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