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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2000 Jun;278(6):C1246-55.

The human histamine H(2) receptor regulates c-jun and c-fos in a differential manner.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109, USA.

Abstract

Previously, we demonstrated that activation of the human H(2) receptor (hH(2)R) leads to an increase in c-fos transcription and cell proliferation. The purpose of these studies was to examine whether hH(2)R regulates c-jun expression and, if so, explore the mechanisms by which it does so. Histamine induced an increase in c-jun mRNA in human embryonic kidney cells stably transfected with the hH(2)R (maximal effect: 554.6 +/- 86.8% of control). The protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors staurosporine (10(-6) M) and GF-109203X (10(-6) M) significantly inhibited histamine-stimulated c-fos mRNA while not altering c-jun expression. The protein kinase A (PKA) pathway inhibitors Rp-cAMP and protein kinase inhibitor did not affect the action of histamine on c-jun or c-fos mRNA. Histamine (10(-4) M) stimulated extracellularly regulated kinase 2 tyrosine phosphorylation. The specific inhibitor of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathway, PD-98059 (5 x 10(-5) M), significantly inhibited histamine-induced c-fos and c-jun mRNA. Of interest, the p70 S6 kinase inhibitor rapamycin (10(-6) M) but not wortmannin decreased histamine-stimulated c-jun mRNA by 58.5 +/- 12% (mean +/- SE, n = 4) while not significantly altering c-fos message. Histamine (10(-4) M) also led to an approximately 4.5-fold increase in Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase activity in a PKC-, PKA-, and MAP kinase-independent but rapamycin-sensitive manner. Our findings suggest that histamine stimulates both c-fos and c-jun mRNA in a differential manner. PKC is involved in histamine-mediated c-fos activation, whereas p70 S6 kinase is important for linkage of this receptor to c-jun.

PMID:
10837353
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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