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Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2000 Mar 30;120(9):1006-8.

[Hepatitis C virus among pregnant women in Norway--occurrence of antibodies and pregnancy outcome].

[Article in Norwegian]

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  • 1Kvinnesenteret Ullevål sykehus, Oslo.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Transmission of hepatitis C virus from mother to child is well documented. The prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis C virus among pregnant women in Norway is however, not known. The aim of this study was to estimate the maternal prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis C virus and to study the association between presence of antibodies and fetal death.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

From a study of 35,940 pregnant women, a random sample of 970 women and all women with fetal death after 16 weeks of gestation (n = 283), were tested for antibodies against hepatitis C virus.

RESULTS:

7 out of 970 women in the random sample (0.7%; 0.2-1.3%, 95% confidence interval) had antibodies against hepatitis C virus. The same prevalence (0.7%, 2 out of 283) was found among women with fetal death.

INTERPRETATION:

The prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis C virus among Norwegian women was unexpectedly high. Further research is necessary to understand the causes and implications of this observation.

PMID:
10833956
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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