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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Jun 7;272(2):357-61.

Transforming growth factor-beta(1) increases the expression of lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1.

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  • 1Department of Geriatric Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan.


Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a novel cell-surface receptor for Ox-LDL, which can be expressed by vascular endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and macrophages. On the other hand, transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta(1), which plays crucial roles in vascular remodeling and the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, has been shown to inhibit expression of class A scavenger receptors and CD36 in macrophages. Here we provide the evidence that TGF-beta(1) (0.1-10 ng/mL) induces LOX-1 protein and mRNA expression in both bovine aortic endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells in a dose- and time-dependent fashion, probably at the transcriptional level. TGF-beta(1) also upregulates LOX-1 mRNA expression in murine peritoneal macrophages. Thus TGF-beta(1) can highly induce LOX-1 expression in vascular endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, and macrophages, suggesting that TGF-beta(1) appears one of the key regulators that modulates expression of scavenger receptors.

Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

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