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Immunol Today. 2000 Jun;21(6):281-9.

Neural immunoregulation: emerging roles for nerves in immune homeostasis and disease.

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  • 1Dept of Neuroendocrinology, Imperial College School of Medicine, London, UK.


In this review, James Downing and Jaleel Miyan outline emerging evidence for neural mechanisms that contribute to specific categories of host defence. Involvement of direct innervation in the adaptive control of immunological responses complements an established view of neuroendocrine-immune modulation. The challenge remains to understand the integrative and homeostatic functions of 'hardwiring' of peripheral immune effector sites, its bearing on disorder and potential for therapeutic modification.

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