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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 May 23;97(11):5907-12.

Nuclear clusterin/XIP8, an x-ray-induced Ku70-binding protein that signals cell death.

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  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Stress Responses, Departments of Radiation Oncology, Pharmacology and Pathology, Ireland Comprehensive Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue (BRB-326 East), Cleveland, OH 44106-4942, USA.


Clusterin [CLU, a.k.a. TRPM-2, SGP-2, or ionizing radiation (IR)-induced protein-8 (XIP8)] was implicated in apoptosis, tissue injury, and aging. Its function remains elusive. We reisolated CLU/XIP8 by yeast two-hybrid analyses using as bait the DNA double-strand break repair protein Ku70. We show that a delayed (2-3 days), low-dose (0.02-10 Gy) IR-inducible nuclear CLU/XIP8 protein coimmunoprecipitated and colocalized (by confocal microscopy) in vivo with Ku70/Ku80, a DNA damage sensor and key double-strand break repair protein, in human MCF-7:WS8 breast cancer cells. Overexpression of nuclear CLU/XIP8 or its minimal Ku70 binding domain (120 aa of CLU/XIP8 C terminus) in nonirradiated MCF-7:WS8 cells dramatically reduced cell growth and colony-forming ability concomitant with increased G(1) cell cycle checkpoint arrest and increased cell death. Enhanced expression and accumulation of nuclear CLU/XIP8-Ku70/Ku80 complexes appears to be an important cell death signal after IR exposure.

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