Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Immunol. 2000 May;30(5):1480-5.

Definition of polymorphic residues on killer Ig-like receptor proteins which contribute to the HLA-C binding site.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.


Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) bind HLA class I proteins in an allele- and locus-specific manner. This report describes the use of transfectants expressing recombinant chimeric proteins, comprising the extracellular portions of KIR molecules and the transmembrane and cytoplasmic tails of CD3-zeta, to create an in vitro system in which signaling is readily measured and that preserves the specificity of the KIR / HLA-C interaction. The identity of the amino acid residues on the KIR molecule important for binding to the HLA protein is not well understood; although some KIR2D residues involved in HLA-C recognition have been identified, their relative importance and whether other amino acids contribute to binding was unclear. This novel system was used to study, by site-directed mutagenesis, the role of various amino acids in KIR binding to HLA-C ligand. The data presented here show that while multiple polymorphic residues contribute to the HLA-C binding site on KIR proteins, two clusters of polymorphic residues define the group allotype specificity of HLA-C binding to a KIR2D molecule.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk