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J Neurosci. 2000 Jun 1;20(11):4099-111.

Heparan sulfate heterogeneity in skeletal muscle basal lamina: demonstration by phage display-derived antibodies.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Nijmegen, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


The basal lamina (BL) enveloping skeletal muscle fibers contains different glycoproteins, including proteoglycans. To obtain more information on the glycosaminoglycan moiety of proteoglycans, we have selected a panel of anti-heparan sulfate (HS) antibodies from a semisynthetic antibody phage display library by panning against glycosaminoglycan preparations derived from skeletal muscle. Epitope recognition by the antibodies is strongly dependent on O- and N-sulfation of the heparan sulfate. Immunostaining with these antibodies showed a distinct distribution of heparan sulfate epitopes in muscle basal lamina of various species. Clear differences in staining intensity were observed between neural, synaptic, and extrasynaptic basal laminae. Moreover, temporal and regional changes in abundancy of heparan sulfate epitopes were observed during muscle development both in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, these data suggest a role for specific heparan sulfate domains/species in myogenesis and synaptogenesis. Detailed analysis of the functions of heparan sulfate epitopes in muscle morphogenesis has now become feasible with the isolation of antibodies specific for distinct heparan sulfate epitopes.

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