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A collectin-like protein from tunicates.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, North Ryde, NSW, Australia.

Abstract

Collectins are a sub-family of C-type lectins from mammals and birds that are characterized by their collagen-like domains. The mammalian collectin, mannose binding lectin, has attracted considerable interest because it can activate complement components via a lectin-mediated complement pathway that is independent of immunoglobulins. In this study, we have identified a calcium-dependent lectin from the invertebrate (tunicate), Styela plicata, that bears substantial similarities to mammalian collectins. The tunicate lectin, which was isolated by carbohydrate affinity chromatography, has a reduced apparent molecular mass of 43 kDa. The 43 kDa reduced polypeptide appeared as dimers, trimers and hexamers when analyzed by non-reducing and two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, while gel filtration suggested that the native form of the protein was a nonamer. Amino acid sequence and amino acid composition analysis revealed obvious similarities between the tunicate lectin and mammalian collectins, notably the inclusion of a collagenous domain and a short, cysteine bearing N-terminal domain. The identification of a collectin-like protein in an invertebrate such as S. plicata, which does not express immunoglobulin, indicates that lectin-mediated complement pathways may predate the origin of antibodies.

PMID:
10817915
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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