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J Biol Chem. 2000 Jul 14;275(28):21435-43.

Platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (CD31), a scaffolding molecule for selected catenin family members whose binding is mediated by different tyrosine and serine/threonine phosphorylation.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.

Abstract

Platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM)-1 is a 130-kDa glycoprotein commonly used as an endothelium-specific marker. Evidence to date suggests that PECAM-1 is more than just an endothelial cell marker but is intimately involved in signal transduction pathways. This is mediated in part by phosphorylation of specific tyrosine residues within the ITAM domain of PECAM-1 and by recruitment of adapter and signaling molecules. Recently we demonstrated that PECAM-1/beta-catenin association functions to regulate beta-catenin localization and, moreover, to modulate beta-catenin tyrosine phosphorylation levels. Here we show that: 1) not only beta-catenin, but also gamma-catenin is associated with PECAM-1 in vitro and in vivo; 2) PKC enzyme directly phosphorylates purified PECAM-1; 3) PKC-derived PECAM-1 serine/threonine phosphorylation inversely correlates with gamma-catenin association; 4) PECAM-1 recruits gamma-catenin to cell-cell junctions in transfected SW480 cells; and 5) gamma-catenin may recruit PECAM-1 into an insoluble cytoskeletal fraction. These data further support the concept that PECAM-1 functions as a binder and modulator of catenins and provides a molecular mechanism for previously reported PECAM-1/cytoskeleton interactions.

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