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J Biol Chem. 2000 May 12;275(19):14501-8.

Acute regulation of fatty acid uptake involves the cellular redistribution of fatty acid translocase.

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  • 1Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada. abonen@healthy.uwaterloo.ca


We used muscle contraction, which increases fatty acid oxidation, as a model to determine whether fatty acid transport is acutely regulated by fatty acid translocase (FAT/CD36). Palmitate uptake by giant vesicles, obtained from skeletal muscle, was increased by muscle contraction. Kinetic studies indicated that muscle contraction increased V(max), but K(m) remained unaltered. Sulfo-N-succinimidyl oleate, a specific inhibitor of FAT/CD36, fully blocked the contraction-induced increase in palmitate uptake. In giant vesicles from contracting muscles, plasma membrane FAT/CD36 was also increased in parallel with the increase in long chain fatty acid uptake. Further studies showed that like GLUT-4, FAT/CD36 is located in both the plasma membrane and intracellularly (endosomally). With muscle contraction, FAT/CD36 at the surface of the muscle was increased, while concomitantly, FAT/CD36 in the intracellular pool was reduced. Similar responses were observed for GLUT-4. We conclude that fatty acid uptake is subject to short term regulation by muscle contraction and involves the translocation of FAT/CD36 from intracellular stores to the sarcolemma, analogous to the regulation of glucose uptake by GLUT-4.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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