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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 May 10;271(2):392-400.

Overexpression of human UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase rescues galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase-deficient yeast.

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  • 1Division of Medical Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, 2040 Ridgewood Drive, Atlanta, Georgia, 30322, USA.

Abstract

To better understand the pathophysiology of galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) deficiency in humans, we studied the mechanisms by which a GALT-deficient yeast survived on galactose medium. Under normal conditions, GALT-deficient yeast cannot grow in medium that contains 0.2% galactose as the sole carbohydrate, a phenotype of Gal(-). We isolated revertants from a GALT-deficient yeast by direct selection for growth in galactose, a phenotype of Gal(+). Comparison of gene expression profiles among wild-type and revertant strains on galactose medium revealed that the revertant down-regulated genes encoding enzymes including galactokinase, galactose permease, and UDP-galactose-4-epimerase (the GAL regulon). By contrast, the revertant strain up-regulated the gene for UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase, UGP1. There was reduced accumulation of galactose-1-phosphate in the galactose-grown revertant cells when compared to the GALT-deficient parent cells. In vitro biochemical analysis showed that UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase had bifunctional properties and could catalyze the conversion of galactose-1-phosphate to UDP-galactose in the presence of UTP. To test if augmented expression of this gene could produce a Gal(+) phenotype in the GALT-deficient parent cells, we overexpressed the yeast UGP1 and the human homolog, hUGP2 in the mutant strain. The Gal(-) yeast transformed with either UGP1 or hUGP2 regained their ability to grow on galactose. We conclude that revertant can grow on galactose medium by reducing the accumulation of toxic precursors through down-regulation of the GAL regulon and up-regulation of the UGP1 gene. We speculate that increased expression of hUGP2 in humans could alleviate poor outcomes in humans with classic galactosemia.

Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

PMID:
10799308
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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