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J Cell Biochem. 2000 Apr;78(1):131-40.

Regulation of (1-3)-beta-glucan-stimulated Ca(2+) influx by protein kinase C in NR8383 alveolar macrophages.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78284, USA.


Stimulation of (1-3)-beta-glucan receptors results in Ca(2+) influx through receptor-operated channels in alveolar macrophages (AMs), but the mechanism(s) regulating Ca(2+) influx is still undefined. In this study we investigated the role of protein kinase C (PKC) regulation of Ca(2+) influx in the NR8383 AM cell line using the particulate (1-3)-beta-glucan receptor agonist zymosan. PKC inhibition with calphostin C (CC) or bisindolymaleimide I (BSM) significantly reduced zymosan-induced Ca(2+) influx, whereas activation of PKC with phorbol-12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) or 1, 2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol (DOG) mimicked zymosan, inducing a concentration-dependent Ca(2+) influx. This influx was dependent on extracellular Ca(2+) and inhibited by the receptor-operated Ca(2+) channel blocker SK&F96365, indicating that zymosan and PKC activate Ca(2+) influx through a similar pathway. NR8383 AMs expressed one new PKC isoform (delta) and two atypical PKC isoforms (iota and lambda), but conventional PKC isoforms were not present. Stimulation with zymosan resulted in a translocation of PKC-delta from the cytosol to the membrane fraction. Furthermore, inhibition of protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) with genistein prevented zymosan-stimulated Ca(2+) influx and PKC-delta translocation. These results suggest that PKC-delta plays a critical role in regulating (1-3)-beta-glucan receptor activated Ca(2+) influx in NR8383 AMs and PKC-delta translocation is possibly dependent on PTK activity.

Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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